Promoting local initiative to integrate watershed and natural resource management in Pasaha watershed, Bara District, Nepal
Extensive deforestation, timber poaching and expansion of road and transmission lines in the name of development in Chure and Terai region has caused day by day loss in resources. Its loss has resulted increase in impacts day by day. Destruction of natural resources has added difficulty in human life and livelihood. Its impact is more in downstream area in comparison to upstream area. Conservation in lower region requires construction of physical infrastructures. Rather it is not easy for its sustainable management, conservation and investment. Hence it would be easy and practical to involve local community in integrated watershed area conservation and management. For this, overall development of watershed area and integrated approach for planning and implementation is required. Life of people inhabiting in Chure and Terai region has been challenging because of climate change induced erratic and intense rainfall, drought and disasters like landslide and flood. For this, river bank cutting areas, conservation area being bank cut and other resources can be conserved. Importance should be given for prioritizing immediate adaptation and minimization of such disasters.
In this context, NAFAN in support with Multi Stakeholder Forestry Program (MSFP) has been working in the field of watershed conservation and natural resource management. The goal of the program is to develop innovative framework model for participatory natural resource management at watershed level and thereby address negative impacts of climate change through application of local level ‘payment for environmental services’, sustainable livelihood security and well-being of the poor and socially excluded people living in Pasaha watershed area. The major activities under the projects are; baseline study, awareness program on conservation education and climate change, selection of possible partner organizations and program implementation through them, training to facilitator for local level awareness promotion, organize a inter-dialogue program on watershed area conservation and conservation planning in VDC level, formulation of network or council in watershed area, awareness promotion program related to Payment for Environmental Service (PES) in community, and formulate natural resources management plan in watershed level endorse it through community initiatives. The total budget of the program is NRs. 4,975,000.00.